How to Cut Hair

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How to cut hair

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Hair cutting is an art form. It gives shape and structure to hair styles. Without a good, professional cut, styling has no basis. When designing a cut, you need:   

  • precision   
  • good technique
  • creativity
  • a good sense of balance.

The ability to cut hair well is built on a structured and formal learning process. Sectioning, using the comb and scissors, and understanding how to achieve balance in a style are all essential elements of your learning.

A competent and professional haircut is the basis of good hairdressing. You should be able to create styles by using different cutting techniques. And you should be able to adapt your techniques to suit your individual clients’ hair types and specific requirements.

Cutting hair is the foundation for styling hair. It incorporates balance, line and movement. And as well as having good technique, you should use care, precision, creativity and, above all, control. A hairstyle is an expression of form and shape. Its purpose is to enhance your client’s appearance.

The client

Discuss with your client what they want from a hairstyle. Make sure that you consider all their needs and the factors that may influence their choice, including their life style. Check your client’s hair type, its texture, length, colour, quantity and quality. And look at the way the hair was cut before, making sure that there is enough hair for the change of style. Always agree with your client how much hair you will be taking off. And remember to advise them on how to manage their new style at home.

Health and safety

It is very important to consider health and safety before you start a hair cut. You should do all the following as a matter of course every time you do a cut. It will help prevent the risk of cross-infection.  

  • Sterilise all your tools and equipment before and after every cut
  • Cover your client with protective clothing, eg gown, cape, cutting collar, all the time you are cutting
  • Keep their face free from hair clippings 
  • Check the client’s hair and scalp for cuts, abrasions and infestations before shampooing
  • Store and handle your scissors correctly 
  • If you drop a comb or a pair of scissors on the floor, clean them or get a new one before you do any more cutting   
  • Make sure all hair is swept up immediately after you have finished the cut and, preferably, before you start blow-drying
  • When using clippers, check that the plug, flex, casing, etc are in good working order. If you think they might not be, don’t use them and report the fault to your tutor.